Industrial biotechnology can improve the energy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) balance of a product. Biobased chemicals, biobased plastics and biofuels follow the global carbon cycle. Unlike their fossil based counterparts, they do not add up to the global carbon budget when consumed. As a consequence, these products often generate considerable greenhouse gas (GHG) savings.
IB & Biobased Plastics
Some types of biobased plastics can be degraded through composting. This is of particular advantage for applications such as disposal cutlery and flexible food packaging where the plastics can be disposed of alongside food wastes. Biodegradable agricultural plastic mulches may also be simply ploughed into the field when required, saving the need for collecting and storing plastics.
In comparison to fossil based plastics, biobased plastics can reduce energy consumption and CO2emissions. For example, some types of polylactic acids made from maize starch use up to 50% less oil and release 60% fewer Greenhouse Gases (GHG’s) into the atmosphere than traditional oil based plastics for the same applications.
IB & Vitamins Production
Example: The evaluation of the beneﬁts of the one-step biobased process for the production of vitamin B-2 shows a reduction of CO2 emissions of 30% and a 95% reduction in waste production.
To read more about the applications of IB on everyday products, you may visit the portal to biobased economy, www.bio-economy.net, which was originally developed in 2008 by EuropaBio and ESAB under the FP6 White Biotech TP project, part of the SusChem ETP, and was updated by BIO-TIC in July 2013.