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There is no national strategy on industrial biotechnology or the bioeconomy. However, the Greek government puts a high priority on resource efficiency, energy-efficient and low carbon investments. Relevant policy documents in that respect include:
- Green Growth Strategic Action Programme (2010-2015) – instruments which may provide opportunities for industrial biotechnology include Greece’s intention to set up green public procurement and grant green businesses easier access to capital. Solutions for waste management, including waste re-use, are particularly fostered.
- National renewable energy action plan (2010) – in accordance with the EU’s 20% renewable energy target by 2020
The main governmental body implementing these policies is YPEKA, the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change. In addition, the “Strategic Plan For The Development Of Research, Technology And Innovation Under The NSRF 2007-13” aims to restructure the Greek economy, gearing it towards high value added products and services, and achieve the transition to the knowledge economy and society.
Who is there?
Associations and Clusters
- Hellenic Bio Cluster
- Bionian Cluster
- The bio-energy and Environment Cluster of Western Macedonia (CLuBE)
- Hellenic Green Chemistry Network
- Society for Biotechnology – Biosciences and Culture
- Hellenic Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (HSBMB)
- Hellenic Sugar Industry S.A.
- Agroenergy consulting
- Scienomics – Bioinformatics
- MINOTECH biotechnology – bioactive compounds
- Novartis Hellas – Pharmaceuticals
- Hellenic Petroleum – exploration of bioethanol as a feedstock within a research project for bio-ETBE (ethyl-tertio-butyl-ether) production
- Viochrom – Dyes
- EKO – Fuel & Lubricants
- Iliochrom – Dyes
Science parks and business incubators
Research Institutes and academia
- Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas (CERTH)
- Institute of Biology, Medicinal Chemistry & Biotechnology
Company to watch
Founded in 1986, MINOTECH biotechnology is a leading microbial biotechnology unit in Greece active in the production of Molecular Biology tools and is highlighted as one of the 16 international suppliers of Restriction Enzymes (REs) in the largest database on REs called REBASE.
No information available
- The General Secretariat for Research and Technology implements manages the national government and EC budgets aimed for funding R&D and Innovation. The main fields of strategic priority in the 2007-2013 were: renewable sources of energy, food – aquaculture, health – natural environment
- Concrete financial instruments are destined to green businesses in the framework of the Green Growth Strategic Action Programme for the 2010-2015 period. The overall budget is €44 billion.
- The “Green Fund” was set up in 2010 and is fed through environmental taxes and fees. The moneys are distributed to various targeted actions enabling environmental benefits.
- The Operational Programme «Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship» (OPCE ΙΙ) has as a central development objective to improve the competitiveness and extroversion of enterprises and industry, with an emphasis on innovation. The co-financed public expenditure of OPCE II amounts to €1.7 billion from which €1.4 billion derive from the European Regional Development Fund and more than €250 million from Greek national funds. It is estimated that the private investment involvement will reach €1.5 billion.
- The Hellenic Fund for Entrepreneurship and Development is a commercial fund offering financial support like e.g. loans and guarantees, targeting new or existing business operating in the agricultural and the marine sector.
- Hellenic Industrial Development Bank (ETBA)
- National Bank of Investments & Industrial Development (ETEBA)
- Good availability of agricultural feedstocks and agro-industrial residues and generally rural economy
- Ethanol fermentation facilities and competencies are available from wine making and other alcohol spirit manufacturing at various scales
- The Region of Western Macedonia is participating in several ERDF funded projects aiming at developing and exchanging knowledge in resource management, logistics, and conversion for using forest biomass residues and agricultural and municipal wastes for production of bioenergy
- Municipal waste is largely landfilled but major efforts are made towards recycling
- There is an established value chain for using bioethanol for domestic heating in special burners (ecologic fireplaces). However, there is currently no bioethanol production industry in Greece, even though there were plans since 2006 to convert two closing sugar manufacturing industrial production plants to ethanol production plants.