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Sweden does not have specific legislation dedicated to industrial biotechnology.
However in 2011, the Swedish government appointed FORMAS (the Swedish research council for the environment, agricultural sciences and spatial planning) to prepare a national strategy for the bioeconomy in cooperation with VINNOVA (the Swedish governmental agency for innovation systems) and the Swedish energy agency.
The role of industrial biotechnology is recognized as a source of technical knowledge for the development of the bioeconomy. The identified research and development needs include the replacement of fossil-based raw materials with biobased raw materials, as well as smarter products and smarter use of raw materials. Both these aspects provide entry-points for industrial biotechnology in Sweden.
The strategy holds a special focus on the more efficient use of leftovers, byproducts and wastes because they can contribute raw materials for new products – a conversion enabled for example through biotechnology. It also states that biorefineries are a model example for the efficient use of raw materials and byproducts. Finally, research and development needs are to be complemented by innovation-fostering initiatives and measures that specifically address bioeconomy challenges.
Who is there?
Sweden has approximately 220 biotechnology companies, but most of them concentrate on medical applications. Most industrial biotechnology applications are related to environmental biotechnology with the largest companies being AnoxKaldnes and Pegasus Lab.
SwedenBio – the Swedish trade association for the life science sector
- KTH Royal Institute of Technology – Industrial biotechnology division, includes focus areas such as biorefinery technology, capture and removal of pollutants in wastewaters, minimized use of pesticides in forests etc.
- Luleå University of Technology
- Lund University of Technology
- University of Borås
Initiatives to watch
EUSO (EU Support office) is a joint initiative between SwedenBIO and VINNOVA which provides support to Swedish life science SMEs to find ways to finance their projects within EU framework programmes such as Horizon 2020.
No information available.
Between 2008 and 2013, the Swedish governmental agency for innovation systems VINNOVA has funded a series of projects in the industrial biotechnology field, amongst which a project worth SEK 13million (around €1.3 million) for the development of ‘the biorefinery of the future’.
The Swedish Biotech Cluster is affiliated with ScanBalt, the cluster of networks active in the Baltic Sea region. One of the 2 main key themes ScanBalt supports is the Baltic Sea region bioeconomy initiative.